UK fears Russia may use phosphorus munitions in besieged Ukraine city of Mariupol
The UK Ministry of Defense says Russian shelling is continuing in Ukraine’s Donetsk and Luhansk regions, with Ukrainian forces “fighting off several attacks that resulted in the destruction of Russian tanks, vehicles and artillery equipment”.
The ministry warned Russian forces that the previous use of phosphorous munitions in Donetsk Oblast “increases the possibility of their future employment in Mariupol as the fighting for the city intensifies.”
He also said that Russia’s “continued reliance on unguided bombs diminishes its ability to discriminate in targeting and carrying out attacks, while greatly increasing the risk of further civilian casualties.”
War to reduce Ukraine’s GDP output by more than 45%, World Bank forecasts
Ears of wheat are seen in a field near the village of Hrebeni in the kyiv region, Ukraine, on July 17, 2020.
Valentyn Ogirenko | Reuters
Ukraine’s economic output is likely to contract by a staggering 45.1% this year as Russia’s invasion has shuttered businesses, reduced exports and destroyed productive capacity, the World Bank said in a new impact assessment on Sunday. war economics.
The World Bank also forecast that Russia’s GDP output in 2022 will fall by 11.2% due to financial sanctions imposed by the United States and its Western allies on Russia’s banks, state-owned companies and other institutions.
The World Bank’s Eastern Europe region, which comprises Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova, is forecast to show a 30.7% GDP contraction this year, due to the impacts of war and trade disruption.
For Ukraine, the World Bank report estimates that more than half of the country’s businesses are closed, while others that are still open are operating well below normal capacity. The closure of Black Sea shipping from Ukraine has cut off about 90% of the country’s grain exports and half of its total exports.